quarta-feira, 8 de setembro de 2010

É Sempre Bom Reler Weber


É sempre bom reler Max Weber para encontrar, nos escritos do passado, pedaços do futuro.


"If a state or party is led by people who (in the economic sense of the word) live exclusively for politics and not from politics, this necessarily means that the leading political strata are recruited on a 'plutocratic' basis. Admittedly, this does not also entail the converse, namely that plutocratic leadership meant that the leading political strata did not also strive to live 'from' politics by exploiting their political rule to the benefit of their private economic interests (...) It means simply that such professional politics are not obliged to seek recompense directly for their political work, as anyone without means is bound to do. Nor does it mean that politicians without a private fortune are merely or chiefly concerned with providing for themselves by means of politics, and that they are not, or not chiefly, concerned with the 'cause'. Nothing could be less correct. We know for experience that a man of property makes provision for his economic 'security' a cardinal point of his whole conduct of life, whether consciously or unconsciously."


"Nowadays the rewards bestowed by party leaders for faithful services are offices of all kinds in parties, newspapers, cooperatives, medical insurance schemes, municipalities and states. All clashes between parties are not only conflicts about substantive goals; they are also and above all struggles for the patronage of office (...) Some parties and notably those in America since the dissapearance of the old conflicts about the interpretation of the constitution, have become simply parties of position-seekers wich change their substantive programme according to the chances of winning votes. Until very recently in Spain, where 'elections' were manufactured from above, the two major parties simply had an agreement to govern by turns as to provide offices for their following. In the Spanish colonies all so-called 'elections' and all so-called 'revolutions' are always concerned with the state trough at which the winners wish to be fed."

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